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The ongoing travel with an uncertain destiny, arrival, or departure reflects an immigrant’s desire to simultaneously exist in the past, subsist in the present, and return to the past in the future. The past refers to an entire life left behind including an immigrant’s home, culture, loved ones, and traditions. Subsisting in the present is coping under political constraints, the inability to compete or adapt to neoliberal economics and the globalized market economy that leads to immigration as a means to pursue better opportunities. The feeling of living in contradictory times and places leads to uncertainty, cultural dislocation, and fear of the unknown in the future.

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